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TASK 1 - Mrs. Turner has decided to start her own business running a private day nursery. It is necessary for her to find appropriate premises. She sees a detached house, which would be appropriate, on the market for £200.000. After having viewed the property she decides to make a bid for the property for £150.000. The sellers state clearly however that they will only accept £180.000. Mrs. Turner then sees another property on the market for £250.000. She offers the asking price for this and it is accepted 'subject to contract.' However, a week later the sellers of the first property contact Mrs. Turner again stating that they have reconsidered and are now happy to accept her bid for £150.000.

Your supervisor has requested that you research the relevant issues and compile a report for
her attention which, outlines your findings.

TASK 2 Mrs. Turner has now purchased a suitable property and is now purchasing the necessary items required to run her nursery. She looks on a web-site and sees cots and
highchairs advertised for sale by a company named Babies R Us. A discount was available
when items were bought on bulk. Mrs. Turner e-mailed Babies R Us, on the 1st October 2003,
requesting twenty cots and twenty high chairs, requesting a reply by the 21st November 2003. She received a reply by post, confirming the order, on the 1st December 2003. This was postmarked 20th November. However, on the 30th November, Mrs. Turner had assumed that Babies R Us were unlikely to reply and therefore, entered into a contract with a rival company.

Mrs. Turner has made an appointment to see you to gain advice relating to the above problem.
Equally, she would appreciate some advice relating to the formation of contracts by e-mail.

TASK 3 - Mrs. Turner's nursery has now opened and has recruited well. She is concerned as to the different types of liabilities, which she may be affected by during the course of her business and would appreciate it if you could write to her regarding this. Explain the different types of liabilities and along with examples.

Answer: To establish whether or not Mrs Turner has entered into two contracts first off all we have to look at what makes...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 86%
  • Words: 3247
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: December, 2007
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1445

Selma visited the firm yesterday to request advice. Yesterday she parked her car in
front her neighbours house. She was not obstructing any driveways and there was
certainly nothing to prevent her from parking there. The following day Selma
observed that a wheel clamp had been placed on her car. It was accompanied with a
note which stated that the wheel clamp would only be removed on the condition that
she did not park there again. Selma also believes that her neighbour has stolen plants
from her garden and put rubbish on her land. Prepare a report on the relevant legal
issues for your senior partner
Discuss the tortious liability of Selma's neighbour considering in particular the
offences of trespass.
Mr Mohammed if also requesting advice. He recently bought a house and was
informed by the surveyor that it was structurally sound. It now transpires that the
house is subsiding. Mr. Mohamed purchased the house without the aid of a mortgage
so he personally instructed the surveyor. Write a letter to Mr. Mohammed making
sure it includes consideration of the following points.
(a) Could Mr. Mohammed claim for negligence?
(b) Is there any other area of law other than tort at which he can make a claim? If so
advise which course of action he should take providing reasons for your answer.

Answer: TASK 1 Introduction: Below I have compiled a report outlining legal issues on Selma circumstances. Discussing the tortious liability and particularly on...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Tort Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 83%
  • Words: 2282
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: January, 2008
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1457

Question: CONSUMER LAW ASSIGNMENT 2 TASK 1 Krafty Kitchens Ltd have a showroom in the centre of Barrogate. Its front window is emblazoned with a notice stating " We sell the cheapest kitchens in Barrogate" Memoona visits the showroom and sees a kitchen that she likes but she is concerned as to whether it is made of mahogany since she knows that this is in fashion at the moment.

She is shown round by Alison who assures her that the kitchen units are made out of mahogany. On the wall of the showroom there is a notice stating "Krafty Kitchens Ltd cannot guarantee the accuracy of statements about the composition of kitchen units"

Memoona buys the units and when she discovers that they are not in fact made of mahogany and that there is another kitchen showroom selling units for a lower price she reports Krafty Kitchens Ltd to Barrogate Trading Standards.

She is also aggrieved because she has been sent a bill for delivery of the kitchen units to her house and she thought that this was included in the price of the units. Write a memo to your head of department,Frank Conway, advising him as to any liability that Krafty Kitchens Ltd may have under the Trade Descriptions Act 1968 and Part III Consumer Protection Act 1987.

TASK 2 Anita, Ben and Carol book a skiing trip to Switzerland with Bon Voyage Holidays. They book a chalet, which is advertised in the brochure as having three bedrooms, central heating and in convenient reach of ski equipment hiring facilities.

They also book a flight with Easyfly but upon checking in at the airport they find that only 2 seats are available on this particular flight and therefore one of their number has to take a later flight. Upon their arrival they discover that the ski hire facility is 30 miles away. To make matters worse the chalet only has two bedrooms and the central heating has broken down. When they complain to Bon Voyage Holidays they are told that all branches had been informed to notify customers of the fact that there had been an error in the brochure and that this grade of chalet slept two rather than three people. Write a memo to Frank Conway advising him of any liability that Bon Voyage Holidays and Easyfly may have under the Trades Descriptions Act 1968.

Answer: Memo To: Frank Conway From: Date: Re: Trade Description Act 1968 and Part III Consumer Protection Act 1987 The Trade Description Act...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Commercial Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 83%
  • Words: 5031
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: October, 2008
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1444

File 1
Khalil has decided to purchase a brand new car for, .Sobia, on the basis that she spends five hours studying a day on her A'level examinations Khalil has entered into a contract
the garage so that he can collect the car the day before Sobia's birthday. He arranged for the car to be registered in Sobia's namg and the free insurance which was offered with the car has also been registered for the benefit of Sobia. The car was not ready to collect on the agreed dafe. Khalil has gone on holiday and Sobia, who has still not received the car, is attempting to enforce the contract on her own behalf. Can she do this?

Prepare a report for the attention of the senior legal adviser stating the results of your
research and the advice that you intend to give. The report should focus particularly on
consideration, privity (including the effect of recent legislation) and intention.

File 2
Gemma is 16, and is an ice skater and has signed an employment contract with a company that organizes dance shows and performances on ice. This will involve her travelling to various parts of the world on tour.

She will be paid a reasonable amount and the contract stated that she will be supervised at all times by a supervisor and not allowed to socialise outside the dance group.
Gemma's mother, Margaret, has called in for advice. She wants to know whether this contract is enforceable. Also, Margaret's husband Matthew, is recovering from a nervous breakdown. Is he free to enter into any contract without any restrictions?

Answer: Terms of reference: Below I have compiled a report stating the results and advice that I intend to give to Sobia on...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 82%
  • Words: 2285
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: January, 2008
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1446


Nazia is a student at Bradford College. Recently she bought an alarm clock from Price Right Stores. It cost twenty pounds but was not supplied with batteries. She uses it for several months without any problems.

Nazia booked a holiday to Turkey and set the alarm to go off at 5 a.m. on the day of departure. The alarm doesn't work and she oversleeps by several hours. She ends up missing the flight and having to pay for another flight in order to reach her destination. She also bought a beaded evening bag from Price Right Stores for use at the Bradford College Ball. She is embarrassed when some of the beads fall off during the evening and the handle breaks.

Write a letter to Nazia advising her of her rights and remedies in respect of
Price Right Stores.

Task Two

Agatha Jones has been renovating her house in the hope of selling it in the near future.
a) Aware of the high price of window installation she asks Jerry to fit the front of her house with new double glazed windows. Jerry is a teacher but does renovation and building work in his spare time.The work takes longer than she expected causing a lot of disruption and she is not happy with the price that she has been charged. After a few months she notices that some of the new PVC window frames has become yellowed and that the windows are prone to condensation.

b) She is employing a firm called Do-it-all Decorators to decorate various rooms in her house. After three weeks she is concerned by the rate of progress made by the firm and the fact that one of the decorators has split paint on the living room carpet and scratched the surface of an antique Victorian dresser. She is not happy with the firm and wants to know what her legal position is.

Task Two
Write a letter to Agatha Jones advising her of her rights and remedies in respect of Do-it-All Decorators.

Answer: I am writing to you in regards to your inquiries regarding the alarm clock and the beaded bag from price right stores....

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 82%
  • Words: 3949
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: March, 2008
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1443

Task one

A band called 'The Illusionists' are performing their first UK tour. They have decided to
use Rochford Concert Hall (RCH), a newly constructed venue for their first night.
Tabby, the main singer was informed by the manager that the hall would hold 2500 people and that the acoustics were suitable for their performance and that they should have no problems. However the managers didn't mention the fact that due to licensing matters, the concert had to come to an end by 11.00 p.m.

The members of the band signed the contract of hire for the venue, and began to sell the
tickets. They were pleased to hear that all 2500 tickets were sold very quickly.
However, on the night of the concert, only 1800 were admitted onto the premises on the
instructions of the local police due to health and safety reasons. The police also informed
the band that even though the tickets displayed the finishing time of the concert as 1 .a.m,
the licence of the venue only entitled them to be open until 11.00 p.m.

This setback resulted in 700 people demanding their money back due to not being
allowed entry on the night and a large percentage asking for some reimbursement as
the concert finished earlier than had been advertised on the tickets.

Tabby and the other members of the band are seeking advice from the firm. You have
been instructed to write a letter to 'The Illusionists' on the following issues.

a) Whether there was a duty to disclose information related to the licence of the
b) Did the manager's comments amount to misrepresentation?
c) Are there any remedies available to the band?

Task two
Ahmed owns a gallery. He felt that the gallery needed a makeover and decided to
refurbish. In order to do this he went to see Catherine, a local antiques dealer. He
shared his ideas for the gallery with Catherine and informed her that if possible he was
looking for some eighteenth century chairs by the 'Goya Brothers'.

Catherine showed him a variety of furniture and he saw some chairs which looked
identical to those he was after. He told Catherine that he believed these were the
chairs and would like to buy them. Catherine didn't say anything but was aware that
they were not genuine. However she sold them to him nonetheless.

Due to the refurbishment, Ahmed has just had the contents of the gallery re-valued
for insurance purposes, but discovers that the chairs are very good copies and is
advised to insure them for £50 each rather than the £2000 each he believed them to
be worth.

He is disappointed and has asked the firm for some advice. He is hoping to return the
chairs and have his money refunded.

The senior partner has asked you to write a report on the following issues.
a) Whether there is an operative mistake?

b) Would it have made any difference if Catherine was unaware of his mistake
and also believed that they were the original chairs?

What effect, if any would Ahmed's mistake have on the contract?

Answer: TASK 1 Regarding: Mistake Introduction: Below I will advise Ahmed in order to assist him on his current circumstances. Findings: Vitiating factors...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 81%
  • Words: 3629
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: February, 2008
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1447

Question: Explain the selection and appointments process for the judiciary. To what extent does the judiciary represent the communities that they serve?

Answer: Introduction Methods and procedures and the appointment of judges dismiss in order to capture public attention and promote a lively debate. So...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: English Legal System
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 80%
  • Words: 983
  • Date submitted: May 05, 2015
  • Date written: December, 2013
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6523

Mr. and Mrs. Duckworth are the proprietors of a hotel in Weatherfield. One of their former
guests Peter Barlow checked out of the hotel last week, but Mr. & Mrs. Duckworth
discovered that he had stolen a number of items from the hotel room, for example table lamps
and coffee tables. Also he had disturbed other guests when he returned to the hotel intoxicated
one evening. Mr. & Mrs. Duckworth decided he is no longer welcome at the hotel and
informed him of this. Despite this Mr. Barlow walked into the hotel last week and attempted
to book a room. Mr. and Mrs. Duckworth refused and on his way out Mr. Barlow tripped on a
loose wire and sprained his ankle. Mr. Barlow has informed the Duckworths that he will be
taking action against them for occupiers liability. Mr. and Mrs. Duckworth have requested
advice relating to this. Can they really be sued when they made it clear to Peter Barlow that he
was no longer permitted on the premises? Your supervisor has requested you write a report
relating to this.
Mr. and Mrs. Duckworth employ a number of people at their hotel. Last week the chef, Betty
Turpin was particularly busy and asked the waiter, Todd Grimshaw, for assistance. Due to
confusion in the kitchen Betty accidentally used sour milk in the sauce she was making. Also,
Todd gave food containing dairy products to Norris, a customer with an allergy to dairy products.
The Duckworths were aware of his condition and had assured Norris that his dietary requirements
would be catered for. Another customer suffered food poisoning it is thought due to the food
cooked with sour milk. The Duckworths have requested a letter clarifying the situation. Your
supervisor has requested you write a letter to the Duckworths advising whether they will be liable
for the actions of their employees. Explain what strict liability is and explain whether this applies
to them.

Mr. Duckworth visited your office yesterday to ask whether the behaviour of Todd Grimshaw
could be his responsibility. He is often playing practical jokes and yesterday deliberately tripped up Betty in the kitchen who was carrying hot water at the time. Both members of staff were burnt and Betty is suing Mr. Duckworth as she feels it is his responsibility to employ competent staff.
Your supervisor has requested you write her a memorandum explaining how you think the law
applies to this scenario.

Answer: TASK 1 Re: Peter claiming for injuries sustained on the premises and liability of Duckworth’s Introduction: I have compiled a report in...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Tort Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 80%
  • Words: 2282
  • Date submitted: April 20, 2009
  • Date written: October, 2007
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1458

To: Mrs Braun
CC: Law suet from Betty
Re: Changes to legal service in England

Answer: The English legal profession is divided into two sections: 1- Solicitors 2- Barristers In England and Wales there are over 80,000 solicitors,...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: English Legal System
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 80%
  • Words: 2098
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: March, 2007
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1454

You are employed as a trainee solicitor with Singh & Co who specialise in criminal
work and also civil work.
Scenario 1
David has been arrested by two police officers, Smith and Jones, as he was running
out of a house belonging to Mrs Kitchener, a rich old lady. He had just burgled the
house. (The crime of burglary is an arrestable offence.) When they arrested him,
the officers told him that he had no right to remain silent.
The officers took him down to the police station for questioning. On their arrival,
David asks the custody officer if he can call his brother to tell him what has
happened. The custody officer refuses to allow him to make the call and David is not
allowed to see a solicitor.
The investigating officer, Sergeant Bruce, starts to question David about the incident
without taking any record of the interview. After leaving the station, PCs Smith and
Jones go round to Mrs Kitchener's house to search for evidence without a
warrant. They think that they might find David's fingerprints on the door and
David is charged with burglary.

Referring to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 in your answer, prepare a
report advising David on all the points below:
a. were the officers right to arrest him without a warrant ?
b. does David have a right to remain silent ?
c. what might happen in his trial if he did remain silent ?
d. was the custody officer right not to allow David to make a phone call ?
e. was the custody officer right to refuse to allow David to see a
solicitor ?
f. was Sergeant Bruce right not to tape record the interview with David ?
g. were the officers right to search Mrs Kitchener's house without a
warrant ?
h. in which court might David's trial be held ? Describe the appeal route open
to David if he is unhappy with the outcome of the trial.
Scenario 2
Mr Sands has been approached by another client, Julia Jones, who recently sustained
whiplash injuries during a car accident. Miss Jones wishes to make a claim through
the civil courts. However, before Mr Sands proceeds with giving Miss Jones any
advice, he has asked you to prepare a report outlining the main changes made by the
Woolf reforms. He also tells you that there are two conflicting cases which will
affect Miss Jones' legal position. One is a case decided in the High Court in 1981,
and the other was a Court of Appeal case in 1995.

Write a report discussing the main changes made by the Woolf reforms of the civil
court system and what difference they have made to people using the civil courts.
Mr Sands also asks you to name the source of law which comes from decided cases,
and give your opinion (with reasons) on which of the two cases will be followed by
the court in Miss Jones' case.

Answer: TASK 1 Introduction: Below I have compiled a report outlining my findings that will assist David on his current circumstance referring to...

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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: English Legal System
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 78%
  • Words: 1938
  • Date submitted: April 18, 2009
  • Date written: February, 2008
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 1453

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