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Individual Differences: Personality & Intelligence


Question: What kinds of evidence do researchers draw on when considering the effects of Nature and Nurture on personality?

Answer: Nature and Nurture are two themes that pervade all aspects of psychology. Does Nature shape our psyche through biological (e.g. hereditary) means...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 77%
  • Words: 1741
  • Date submitted: January 21, 2009
  • Date written: July, 2002
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 235

Question: ‘Give an account of any two theoretical approaches to identity and explain the ways in which they are different.’

Answer: Henri Tajfel’s Social Identity Theory (S.I.T) arose from a reaction to Erikson’s theory of focussing on the individual. It suggests that when...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 72%
  • Words: 1199
  • Date submitted: June 15, 2011
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3821

Question: ‘Nature-nurture is a false dichotomy.’ Explain this statement using examples from either Book 1 Chapter 4, or Book 1 Chapter 5.

Answer: The question of whether genetics (nature) or environment (nurture) determine human behaviour is at the centre of a debate that dominated psychology...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 72%
  • Words: 1447
  • Date submitted: February 05, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 2877

Question: Write an essay (up to 1000 words in length) examining the extent to which any one of the following is determined by individual characteristics or environmental influences;

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Altruism
Aggression (Chosen)
Sexual orientation

Answer: Aggression can be defined as any action or series of actions where the direct purpose is to cause injury or damage (Cardwell,...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 70%
  • Words: 998
  • Date submitted: December 27, 2010
  • Date written: May, 2003
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3567

Question: What are the main issues in the nature/nurture debate and how do these concepts help in our understanding of children?

Answer: What do we mean by the expressions ‘Nature’ and ‘Nurture’? ‘Nature’ is the direct result of biological inheritance, the innate potential of...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 70%
  • Words: 2198
  • Date submitted: January 05, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 2954

Question: Describe, with your reasoning, the features of Eichmann’s upbringing that Adorno might have considered important and critically discuss whether the concept of the Authoritarian personality (Adorno et al., 1950) is adequate explanation of Eichmann’s attitude and behaviour.

Answer: In an attempt to link the nature of prejudice to a certain personality type, the Authoritarian Personality (Adorno et al., 1950, cited...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 70%
  • Words: 2548
  • Date submitted: November 01, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 2831

Question: Should Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory and Allport’s trait approach be classified as idiographic or nomothetic?

Answer: This essay will discuss whether Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory and Allport’s trait approach should be classified as idiographic or nomothetic. “The idiographic...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 69%
  • Words: 1627
  • Date submitted: February 05, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 2882

Question: Freud or Fraud? Discuss the contribution of Freudian theory to the false/recovered memory debate.

Answer: Many observations have been made condemning Freudian theory – especially the involvement of his theory of repression as being the underlying influential...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 69%
  • Words: 3161
  • Date submitted: April 09, 2009
  • Date written: April, 2004
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 2858

Question: Is Hothousing an Effective Technique for Increasing Children’s Intelligence?

Answer: Hothousing refers to the process of creating a stimulating environment (by modifying such variables as sound and colour) to help promote the...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 67%
  • Words: 1108
  • Date submitted: December 27, 2010
  • Date written: January, 2004
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3573

Question: Describe and criticise an intelligence theory and an intelligence test of your choice.

Answer: Most people have an intuitive notion of what intelligence is, and many words in the English language distinguish between different levels of...


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  • Subject: Psychology
  • Course: Personality and Intelligence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 65%
  • Words: 2209
  • Date submitted: May 05, 2008
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 2864

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