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Quantity Surveying


Question: CONSTRUCTION LAW
Assignment 1

1.0 QUESTION 1
In 1983 the NEDO report ‘Faster Building for Industry’ stated:
‘...[it] is not the form of contract which primarily determines whether targets are met, but the attitudes of the parties, to which the form of contract may contribute. The standard form of contract offers penalties for delays but not incentives for speed. Industry and customer should look for ways of sharing the benefits of improved performance.’
Critically examine the extent to which the contracting approaches current in your national
construction industry address the concerns NEDO expressed in 1983.
(40 marks)

2.0 QUESTION 2
In most legal systems, if a contract is silent as to the sum to be paid by the employer to the contractor for the works, the law implies into the contract an obligation on the employer to pay a ‘reasonable price’ for the works carried out. Drawing on examples from standard form contracts in common use within your national construction industry, highlight how that industry uses express terms to reflect and/or modify the assessment of the ‘reasonable price’ that the law applicable to those contracts would, in the absence of express terms as to the sum payable, require the employer to pay.
(50 marks)

Answer: UK construction has seen a significant shift in contracting approaches since the National Economic Development Office (NEDO) report of 1983. Necessary progresses...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 70%
  • Words: 2295
  • Date submitted: June 01, 2011
  • Date written: March, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3763

Question: Construction Law
Assignment 2

1.0 PART A
1.1 QUESTION 1
‘A building contractor is entitled to be paid for all the physical work it does in
connection with a building contract.’
Discuss.
(40 marks)

1.2 QUESTION 2
The law on limitations provides a number of safeguards to protect claimants
unaware that they have suffered damage within the periods prescribed in the
Limitation Act 1980 as amended. Identify these safeguards and explain the
circumstances in which a claimant who has suffered damage would be able to
rely on them.
(40 marks)

2.0 PART B
Integrated Practice Report – Preliminary Statement
Summarise in 300–350 words five key concepts or principles learned from this
module which define core issues that influence the practice of surveyors.
You will include this statement in Appendix A to your Integrated Practice Report
and draw upon it in writing the final report.
(10 marks)

Answer: A building contractor undertakes work as a stated obligation under contract, the liability of which extends to the performance of the stated...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 67%
  • Words: 2624
  • Date submitted: June 01, 2011
  • Date written: April, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3764

Question: Contemporary Quantity Surveying Practice
Assignment 1

1.0 TASK 1
Compile a portfolio of the output from all of the activities in the first part of the course, linking the various components together to form a composite whole.

1.1 Activity 1.2 : Practice Management and Marketing : Part 1

1. Review the factors affecting the current development of quantity surveying practice in your area, and identify the key areas of development to which local practitioners need to pay attention in order to safeguard their future business.

2. Analyse the organisational form of the organisation in which you work, and identify any changes which will need to be made in order to meet the challenges identified in Question 1.

3. Explain the benefits to be gained from requiring quantity surveyors in private practice to maintain compulsory PII.


1.2 Activity 1.2 – Practice Management and Marketing Part 2
1. What are the four main products (or services) of the business you work for? How might each of these products be classed in a portfolio analysis?

2. Assume that you are employed by a small quantity surveying practice. The main practice workload lies in providing claims advice to local subcontractors. Using your local environment, carry out a SWOT analysis for the practice.

3. Identify one major client with whom your firm deals or would like to deal. Prepare an analysis of how your firm is differentiated from one principal competitor. Highlight those areas where you believe there may be sustainable advantage and consider both how, and how well, this sustainable advantage is signalled to the customer.


1.3 Activity 1.3 – Sustainability
1. Explain the major difficulties in the use of cost benefit analysis as a tool to evaluate the economic effects arising from a new road development.

2. Discuss the relationship between new infrastructure development and economic prosperity.

3. Summarise the major techniques which could be used to value intangible environmental assets, and comment on the advantages and disadvantages of each.


1.4 Activity 2.1 – Practical Measurement of Complex Construction Works Part 1
General
The drawings and a bar schedule is included in Appendix A
Query & Assumption List:
1. No information given on site conditions – assume no hard standing
2. Assume topsoil to be stored in soil heaps for later use.
3. No information given on contamination – assume non present.
4. Assume Additional 0.30m required to extremities of excavation fro working space.
5. Assume 150mm thick Type 1 sub-base is required to foundation base.
6. Assume heave pressure relief formwork required.
7. Assume backfilling compromised of excavated material on site.


1.6 Activity 2.3 : The Role of Measurement as a core QS skill
Write up all of the research you've done as a formal report, and provide a reasoned critical
analysis of what you believe to be the role and importance, both now and in the future, of
measurement as a core QS skill and of your local standard method of measurement.
(Maximum 2,500 words.)

1.7 Activity 2.4 – IT & the QS
Prepare a critical analysis of the way in which your organisation presently uses IT to add value to the QS services you provide. Use the analysis, together with your research, to prepare a briefing paper for your line manager setting out your recommendations for the development of IT services in the future.

1.8 Activity 2.5 – Contract Documentation
Read Case Study 1, 'Chemical industry training establishment, Walmington-on Sea' (in the
Learning Activity Resources section in the module binder), and prepare a description of your
recommended contract documentation package, including that required to obtain
competitive tenders. Describe the function of each of the components of the package, and
explain how each document should be structured and what information it should contain.


2.0 TASK 2
Review the reference material and the learning activities relating to the first part of the course. Prepare a critical analysis of the role of the QS in your country/region/geographical area and your sector of the construction industry, evaluating the extent to which you believe that traditional quantity surveying measurement skills can add value to a project.

Note that in preparing the critical analysis you are expected to analyse and interpret the
information in the reference material, and to combine this with your own personal experience. The analysis should be prepared in the context of the development and construction industry in the country in which you work.

Answer: The development of quantity surveying (QS) practice in Leicester is affected by both internal and external factors which have continued to modify...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 65%
  • Words: 5105
  • Date submitted: June 01, 2011
  • Date written: November, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3765

Question: Contemporary Quantity Surveying Practice
Assignment 2

1.0 TASK 1
Compile a portfolio of the output from all of the activities in the first part of the course, linking the various components together to form a composite whole.

Activity 3.1: Bid Formulation
It has been said that, in a competitive tendering situation based on price, the contractor
submitting the lowest price will be the one who has made the biggest mistake in his
calculations.

You have been asked by your line manager to make a lunchtime presentation (maximum 20
minutes) to a local business round-table group explaining why this statement is not true.


Activity 3.2: Where will the money come from?
Make notes to compare and contrast the available alternative financing models for the
project set out in Case Study 1 (see Activity 2.5).

Assume that, upon completion, the facility will be owned and operated by a separate
company to be established by the consortium, and will sell its services both to the consortium members and other external organisations. All profits generated by the operating company (less allowances for operating costs, maintenance and repair, etc.) will be distributed annually to the consortium members in equal shares.


Activity 3.3: Risk and Value for Money
A two-day workshop has been arranged in which the project team, including the successful
contractor, will come together for the first time. The purpose of the workshop is to determine how risk and value management are to be applied to the Walmington-on-Sea Chemical
Training Plant project (Case Study 1). You have been asked to facilitate the workshop.
Prepare an agenda for the two days, showing the various activities you think the team needs
to address.
You decide that the first session of the workshop ought to be an introduction by you to the
concept of integrated risk and value management and the practical problems you believe
you will face on this project
Prepare a set of speaking notes which could be issued as a handout at the end of your
introductory session.


Activity 4.1: Strategic procurement principles
Read Case Study 2, ‘Crumblay Towers’ (in the Learning Activity Resources section in your
module binder).
As lead consultant for the procurement of the scheme, prepare a set of notes for the client,
explaining:
• the importance of the briefing process in ensuring client satisfaction with the
completed project;
• what information they will need to provide in order to construct a brief for the design
of the scheme;
• any problem areas which you foresee and how you would expect to address them.


Activity 4.2: Collaborative Procurement
Prepare a draft report for the employer recommending a detailed proposed procurement
strategy for the works described in Case Study 2, 'Crumblay Towers'. Explain the reasons for
your choice and provide an outline programme setting out the various activities required
before construction work can begin.

The procurement strategy should be developed from an objective assessment of the client
needs and project characteristics. A best fit solution is looked for with an informed client
making the decision based on sound judgement, giving due regard to the identified criteria
and acceptable distribution of risk.

Activity 4.3: The influence of strategic management principles on the procurement decision
Explain, in the form of an essay, how you believe that the strategic management principles
discussed in the above papers should be used to enable sensible project decisions to be made.
(Guideline length 1,000–1,500 words.)

Activity 4.4: Strategic management and the organisation
Summarise in 1,500 words or less how the strategic management principles outlined in the
reference papers dealing with strategic management might influence the organisation and
management of a medium to large contemporary quantity surveying practice.

Answer: Contractors who submit bids for work are influenced by a wide variety of factors which can give rise to variations in the...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 3833
  • Date submitted: June 01, 2011
  • Date written: December, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3766

Question: INTEGRATED PRACTICE REPORT

The Impact of the NRM upon Cost Planning Practices in the UK

An Analysis of the impacts the New Rules of Measurement Volume 1: Order of Cost Estimating and Elemental Cost Planning has had upon previous practices of cost planning in the UK

Answer: Following growing disenchantment form both practitioners and clients1 the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) under the Measurement Initiative Steering Group released...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 69%
  • Words: 4017
  • Date submitted: June 02, 2011
  • Date written: December, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3767

Question: Measurement and Estimating Quantity Surveying (M&E QS) Practice
Assignment 1

1.0 QUESTION 1
Discuss and analyse the appropriateness of a standard method of measurement of your choice
in relation to the measurement of building services. (25 marks)

Marks will be awarded for:
Discussion on the format, level of detail and relevance to industry, including
examples (15 marks)
Appraisal of benefits/problems of the SMM (10 marks)


2.0 QUESTION 2
Prepare a bill of quantities for the air conditioning installation work to a typical
apartment, as shown on the assignment drawings and specified in Appendix A. Include
in your submission marked-up drawings, a take-off list, query sheet and supporting
schedules. (65 marks)

Marks will be awarded for:
Accuracy and clarity of schedules (40 marks)
Adequacy of descriptions (15 marks)
Format of bills, contents of preliminary and preamble items. (10 marks)

Answer: The Standard Method of Measurement of Building Works: Seventh Edition (SMM7) and the SMM7 measurement code have been widely adopted throughout the...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 64%
  • Words: 2268
  • Date submitted: June 02, 2011
  • Date written: August, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3770

Question: Measurement and Estimating Quantity Surveying (M&E QS) Practice
Assignment 2

1.0 QUESTION 1
Using the drawings for the ferry terminal and the specification notes on the drawings, prepare an approximate estimate for the electrical installation.

You will need to assess the extent and position of equipment, fittings and accessories where these are not shown on the drawings.

Include in your submission the following:
· price, approximate estimate divided into the various electrical installations
· marked-up drawings
· any assumptions
· Exclusions
(60 marks)

Marks will be awarded for:
Presentation and completeness of the estimate (10 marks)
Supporting appropriate quantities (25 marks)
Pricing (25 marks)


2.0 QUESTION 2
Discuss the use of risk management and its relationship with value management during the pre- and post- contract stages of a project with regard to the services content. Include examples from a project you are familiar with to explain the processes. (20 marks)


3.0 QUESTION 3
Summarise in 300-500 words five key concepts or principles learned from this module which define core issues that influence the practice of surveyors.

You will include this statement in Appendix A to your integrated Practice Report and draw upon it in writing the final report. (10 marks)

Answer: The buildings services component on a scheme has become fundamental to determining the relative successfulness of a project; issues such as low...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Masters (MSc) in Quantity Surveying
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 66%
  • Words: 2812
  • Date submitted: June 02, 2011
  • Date written: September, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3771

Question: MSc Surveying at University of Reading (College of Estate Management)
Graduate Development Programme

QUESTION 1
Most standard form building and engineering contracts require the contract administrator to fulfil a dual role.

Discuss, giving examples.

Answer: Traditionally employers have engaged professionals, generally the architects or engineers, as a contract administrator to manage building and engineering contracts. While the...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Construction Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 80%
  • Words: 864
  • Date submitted: August 14, 2011
  • Date written: July, 2011
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3862

Question: MSc Surveying at University of Reading (College of Estate Management)
Graduate Development Programme

QUESTION 2
Once the rectification period stipulated in a JCT Standard Form building contract has expired, the employer has no recourse against the contractor for defects in the works carried out under the contract.

Discuss.

Answer: Defective works during construction is easily admissible to contractor and those that occur during defect liability period are within the contractor’s responsibility...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Construction Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 80%
  • Words: 1348
  • Date submitted: August 14, 2011
  • Date written: July, 2011
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3860

Question: MSc Surveying at University of Reading (College of Estate Management)
Graduate Development Programme

QUESTION 3
’Liability for negligently inflicted economic losses can only arise out of the terms of a contract between the parties.’

Discuss this contention in the context of the construction industry.

Answer: Most construction projects are complex and involve many contractual parties. Construction professionals may be liable to contractual parties for damage and loss...


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  • Subject: Quantity Surveying
  • Course: Construction Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 80%
  • Words: 813
  • Date submitted: August 14, 2011
  • Date written: July, 2011
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3861

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