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Question: "The judges believe that Parliament, through the Human Rights Act, has given them a special role in protecting rights, particularly perhaps the rights of unpopular minorities. MPs, by contrast, believe that, as elected representatives accountable to the people, it is they and not the judges who should retain the last word on such matters."
V Bogdanor, ‘Imprisoned by a Doctrine: The Modern Defence of Parliamentary Sovereignty' (2012) 32 OJLS 179'

Discuss, with reference to the above quote, whether parliamentary sovereignty is now at threat from the judiciary, citing relevant case-law in your answer.
(64% Constitutional/Administrative Law, Year 1)

Answer: Parliamentary sovereignty is one of the key principles of the British constitution and it means that supreme legal authority in the UK...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1409
  • Date submitted: April 29, 2015
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6505

Question: Alexander (24), Chandler (22), Maya (20), Naveed (20) and Saffron (18) are siblings living in London. Tragically their parents were killed in a car accident two years ago and the brothers and sisters were left the property in their parents’ Wills. The property was conveyed to all five of them jointly.

About a year after the accident Alexander was struggling with the pressures of bringing up his brothers and sisters and turned to drink and gambling. He started to get into financial difficulties and two months ago was declared bankrupt.

Chandler recently finished his University course in Manchester and decided to stay there and buy a property with his girlfriend. He needed to raise some money for a deposit and so decided to offer his share in the property to Naveed and Saffron. He wrote to them both, addressing the letter to them at the house, and left it on the dining room table. In the letter he explained that the house had recently been valued by an estate agent at £500,000 and asked if either of them wished to buy him out.
Before Naveed and Saffron had a chance to read the letter Maya found it and recognising Chandler’s handwriting decided to open it. She was furious when she saw that her brother had offered his share in the property to Naveed and Saffron and not her. Maya decided to confront her brother and found him upstairs in the house. They got into an argument and Chandler decided to walk away from Maya, which infuriated her even more, and she pushed Chandler down the stairs, killing him. Maya was arrested and is currently awaiting trial for murder but wants to return to live at the property on her release.
Naveed was so upset by what his twin had done that he decided he too wanted to sell his share in the property. He approached Saffron to see if she wished to buy him out. Saffron said she would have to think about it as she had only just got a full time job and was not sure she could afford it. Saffron said she would make an appointment with her bank to discuss financing buying him out and come back to Naveed with an answer; they could then negotiate the price.

Sadly Saffron was hurt last week in an accident at work and has since died. On sorting out her personal belongings Naveed found a Will in which she left all of her property to her girlfriend, Emma. Naveed was not happy about this as the family has always viewed Emma as a bad influence on Saffron.

Naveed is unsure who owns the property and in what shares so would like advice on this. He is also unsure what will happen to the property now.

Please advise all of them as to their shares in the property and whether the house will have to finally be sold.

Answer: In order to advise the parties as to how the shares in the property are held and whether it will need to...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Property Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1334
  • Date submitted: March 24, 2015
  • Date written: February, 2012
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6453

Question: ‘Equity is as long as the Chancellor's foot. Critically discuss this statement’.

Answer: On its initial reading and preliminary assessment, the title statement is immediately understood as a maxim intended to summarise equity’s most obvious...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Equity and Trust Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2635
  • Date submitted: February 21, 2015
  • Date written: December, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6446

Question: Big Builders hired a crane together with its driver Alfred from Cranes Ltd for six months for a special building project. On two occasions last week Alfred had felt light-headed when he got up. He attributed this to exhaustion as he had been kept awake most of the night by his crying baby. He did however make an appointment to see his doctor in two weeks’ time.

Yesterday, while operating the crane, he fainted. The jib of the crane swung loose and looked as though it would strike against scaffolding. Ben, an employee of Big Builders, who contrary to safety guidelines was climbing up the outside of the scaffolding, jumped clear and was seriously injured when he fell. David, another employee of Big Builders, tried to climb up into the cab of the crane in order to help Alfred, also fell and was injured.

Advise Ben and David.


Contents
1. Alfred, the crane operator who fainted while operating the crane 2
Defences against Ben and David 2
Volunti 2
Contributory Negligence 2
2. Big Builders or Cranes Ltd vicariously for Alfred’s negligence 2
3. Big Builders, the temporary employer for negligence in failing to provide competent staff 2
BIBLIOGRAPHY 2

Answer: Ben Ben jumped from the scaffolding to avoid being stricken by the crane. As a result, he fell and was seriously injured....


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Tort Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 3390
  • Date submitted: January 06, 2015
  • Date written: April, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6409

Question: “Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements which… create a de facto solidarity.”

Assess the accuracy of this statement.

Answer: The 1990s and the 1980s were nothing but periods of movement and great achievement for the EU. The EU has enlarged three...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: European Union Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1922
  • Date submitted: January 24, 2015
  • Date written: December, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6380

Question: What makes a just law and an unjust law?

Answer: To understand what makes a just law and an unjust law the question, ‘what is law?’ needs to be answered first. What...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Jurisprudence
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2416
  • Date submitted: February 03, 2015
  • Date written: January, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6325

Question: Is the rule of law the ultimate controlling factor of the British constitution?

Answer: Introduction There are three underlying principles that create the British constitution. They are Rule of Law, Parliamentary Sovereignty and Separation of Powers....


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2213
  • Date submitted: February 03, 2015
  • Date written: February, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6324

Question: Consider critically police powers to stop and search suspects. Evaluate the safeguards that exist in relation to stop and search powers from the perspective of members:

(a) Of the public; and
(b) Police officers

'Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984', Code A,

Answer: Introduction Stop and search powers are powers the police can use to stop and search members of the public or a vehicle....


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1986
  • Date submitted: February 03, 2015
  • Date written: December, 2013
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6323

Question: Critically assess the position of the family in the 21st century.

To what extent can it be demonstrated that the political, social, economic, moral and legal developments which have been happening has had a fundamental impact upon the changing facade of the family?

Answer: Introduction We are required to critically assess the position of the family in the 21st century. In order to do so we...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Family Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 4297
  • Date submitted: December 28, 2014
  • Date written: December, 2012
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6248

Question: Big Builders hired a crane together with its driver Alfred from Cranes Ltd for six months for a special building project. On two occasions last week Alfred had felt light-headed when he got up. He attributed this to exhaustion as he had been kept awake most of the night by his crying baby. He did however make an appointment to see his doctor in two weeks’ time.

Yesterday, while operating the crane, he fainted. The jib of the crane swung loose and looked as though it would strike against scaffolding. Ben, an employee of Big Builders, who contrary to safety guidelines was climbing up the outside of the scaffolding, jumped clear and was seriously injured when he fell. David, another employee of Big Builders, tried to climb up into the cab of the crane in order to help Alfred, also fell and was injured.

Advise Ben and David.

Answer: Introduction i) Facts of the case 1. Alfred was an employee of Crane Ltd 2. Crane Ltd had hired a crane (‘the...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Tort Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 3597
  • Date submitted: December 28, 2014
  • Date written: December, 2013
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6249

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