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Question: SAMPLE EXAMINATION QUESTION ON IDA 2010

Pascal has an equipment designed to forge passports. After testing it he has decided not
to use it because it does not produce forgeries as good as those produced by a machine in
possession and control of his friend Limon. He intends to use Limon’s machine to make the
false passports.

Has D committed an offence contrary to s.5 IDA 2010?

Consider liability for offences under IDA 2010.

Answer: Skeleton solution Pascal may be charged with S. 5 (1) of IDA 2010 which provides that it is an offence for a...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 364
  • Date submitted: May 10, 2012
  • Date written: February, 2011
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6571

Question: ‘A written constitution is necessary for there to be constitutional law. Without such a document, it is impossible to adequately set out the powers of the State, or to protect the rights of the citizen’.

Critically discuss, making particular reference to the United Kingdom’s constitutional arrangements.

Answer: When answering this question one does need to comprehend what we mean by constitutional laws and how they differ from ordinary laws....


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Public Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2194
  • Date submitted: May 08, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2013
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6570

Question: ‘Although s.74 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 provides a meaning of consent, the factual circumstances as to when someone is consenting or not can range from a truly passionate encounter to outright physical objection.’
(Forster, Criminal Law and Practice, 1ST Edition 2008, Sweet & Maxwell)

Critically consider how the Courts have sought to clarify the statutory meaning of consent in the context of rape and related offences in light of recent case law, including the Court of Appeal decision in R. v Mc Nally [2013] EWCA Crim 1051

Answer: Prior to the SOA Sexual Offences Act 2003 the common law through the decision in R v Olugboja had provided the basis...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2081
  • Date submitted: May 08, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2013
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6569

Question: Legal Research Assignment
Rachael Flemming was a recovering drug user. She was barely 17 years old. After serving a four month sentence during which she underwent a programme of detoxification she was discharged under licence. The condition of the licence was that she had to live with her mother, Audrey Brown, and observe a curfew. Also, living in the same house was Flemming’s older half- sister, Rita Keeler. Both Flemming’s mother and sister were themselves habitual drug users and heroin addicts.
One evening Keeler bought several packets of heroin from a local dealer, Ron Taylor. She passed some or all of it to Flemming who then injected herself with the drug. Flemming immediately became ill displaying all the symptoms of heroin overdose. Keeler later told police that when she herself had suffered in a similar way she had been rescued by paramedics. However, when Flemming’s temperature rose, her lips turned blue and she became unresponsive, instead of seeking medical help, the mother and daughter decided to put Flemming to bed in the hope that she would recover spontaneously. They did observe some improvement in her colour but were not alarmed by her state of unconsciousness since they believed her condition to be the normal effect of the drugs. The next morning Keeler’s mother woke Keeler to tell her that Rachael was dead. They called the emergency services who responded immediately. The paramedics concluded from an examination of the body that Rachael had been dead for some time. The cause of death was poisoning by heroin.

Keeler and Brown were arrested and charged with manslaughter. Please advise them of their criminal liability.

Ensure that your essay discusses in detail the meaning of ‘duty of care’ in this context.

(Graduate Diploma in Law PT Yr 1)

Answer: This scenario raises a number of issues surrounding manslaughter and when someone is criminally liable, therefore responsible, for the death of another...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Graduate Diploma in Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2025
  • Date submitted: May 08, 2015
  • Date written: October, 2013
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6568

Question: ‘At common law privity prevented a third party from ever receiving an enforceable benefit from a contract made between other parties. This situation has been clearly and decisively remedied by the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999. No longer will third parties be denied the ability to enforce benefits conferred upon them by a contract between two or more other parties.’

Discuss.

Answer: This essay takes a look at the principle of privity in contract law, examines the exceptions to the rule of privity which...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1424
  • Date submitted: May 05, 2015
  • Date written: February, 2013
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6528

Question: Critically discuss s.66 Immigration Act 2014 in light of the decision in Al-Jedda v. Secretary of State for the Home Department [2013] UKSC 62 and the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Answer: In 1992, al-Jedda an Iraqi national arrived in U.k. and sought asylum. He was given British nationality in 2000. In 2004 he...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Immigration, Nationality and Asylum Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1408
  • Date submitted: February 04, 2015
  • Date written: December, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6520

Question: Susie grabbed a knife which had been left on the table, and intending to cause Pete serious harm, stabbed him. Susie’s attack was not immediately fatal, Pete was treated, but, while in hospital, the wound became infected and did not respond to medication. Pete died of septicemia.

Advise Susie on Murder ONLY.

Answer: Susie’s murder of Pete Susie could be charged with the offence of murder. Murder is defined by Coke CJ as the unlawful...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 965
  • Date submitted: April 30, 2015
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6509

Question: Frustration PYQ pg 17 – Vic
Vic, the manager of a group of theatrical performers (the Vickettes), arranged with Wally, for a fee of £50,000, that the group would provide the entertainment at a series of festivals organized by Wally. Xerxes, the principal actor of the Vickettes, drank heavily the night before the first performance was to take place. As a result of his drinking, he was unable to perform properly at the performance. His words were slurred and he frequently stumbled as he moved about the stage. As a result, Wally who had paid $15,000 for the hire of the venue had to return £20,000 to the dissatisfied members of the audience. In addition, Wally was unable to sell any souvenir mugs, tea towels or aprons. The remaining four theatrical performances for that year had to be cancelled due to poor ticker sales.

Advise Wally.

(Contract Law)

Answer: In advising Wally, we are required to consider whether there is frustration arises in the contract and what remedies can Wally get...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1077
  • Date submitted: April 30, 2015
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6508

Question: There is no guiding direction for causation. Discuss.

Answer: The question above requires us to consider whether guiding direction exists for causation. In this essay, I will discuss the general rule...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2138
  • Date submitted: April 30, 2015
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6507

Question: "The questions are (i) 'was there a proposal (or 'offer') made by one party which was capable of being accepted by the other' and, if so, (ii) 'was that proposal accepted by the party to whom it was made'.

The questions are (i) “was there a proposal (or ‘offer’) made by one party [A] which was capable of being accepted by the other [B]” and, if so, (ii) “was that proposal accepted by [B] …. In determining the first of those questions .... the correct approach is to ask whether a person in the position of B (having the knowledge of the relevant circumstances which B had), acting reasonably, would understand that A was making a proposal to which he intended to be bound in the event of an unequivocal acceptance”.’
 (Crest Nicholson Ltd v Akaria Investments Ltd [2010] EWCA Civ 1331 at para. 25 (Sir John Chadwick))

Critically discuss the above statement and assess the extent to which it accurately reflects the approach of English courts to contracting by emails. (60% Contract Law, Year 1)

Answer: The above statement provides a clear and accurate basic summary of the general approach taken to assessing offer and acceptance, which is...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1496
  • Date submitted: April 29, 2015
  • Date written: April, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6506

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