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Question: “The correspondence principle concerns the relationship between actus reus and mens rea. If the offence is defined in terms of certain consequences and certain circumstances, the mental element ought to correspond with that by referring to those consequences or circumstances.”

Ashworth and Campbell in “Recklessness in Assault and in General” (1991) 107 L.Q.R. 187 at p.192.

Question 1:
Explain, with examples, the principle of mens rea and consider whether it is right that the defendant could be convicted without a blameworthy state of mind.

Question 2:
Discuss, with reference to the above statement, whether the mental element required for offences against the person corresponds to the actus reus and whether it should correspond with the actus Reus.

LLB (HONS) CRIMINAL LAW, BPP University.

Answer: The general rule of crime which it consist of two elements are, 'actus reus' where it brings about the meaning of the...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2327
  • Date submitted: September 18, 2015
  • Date written: December, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6780

Question: Critically evaluate the impact of the House of Lord’s decision in Kennedy No. 2 on the law relating to causation.

Answer: Simply put, causation is the casual relationship between conduct and result. Causation has described as one of the most basic elements required...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1492
  • Date submitted: August 21, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2011
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6753

Question: Critically evaluate the impact of the House of Lord’s decision in Kennedy No. 2 on the law relating to causation.

Answer: The House of Lords decision in Kennedy No. 2 has been influential on the law of causation and manslaughter; in particular cases...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1692
  • Date submitted: August 21, 2015
  • Date written: February, 2012
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6752

Question: Critically evaluate the impact of the House of Lord's decision in Kennedy (No 2) on the law relating to causation.

Answer: The House of Lords decision in R v Kennedy (no 2) 1 finally cleared up the question of what constitutes an ‘novus...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1527
  • Date submitted: August 20, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2010
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6751

Question: In your view, would it be ethically desirable for English medical law:

To restrict the circumstances in which an abortion is legally permissible?

Module: 22107 Medicine, Ethics and the Law

Answer: The issue in question requires an examination into considerations of ethical theories to be measured against the restriction of what is permissible...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Medicine, Ethics and the Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 4354
  • Date submitted: May 19, 2015
  • Date written: January, 2015
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6605

Question: Although supremacy was not mentioned in the original Treaties, it is recognised as a fundamental principle of EU law.

Discuss how the principle emerged in the case law of the Court of Justice.

Module: 22045 European Union Law

Answer: The principle of supremacy generally relates to whereby if there is a conflict arising between national law and European Union law (hereinafter...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: European Union Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2505
  • Date submitted: May 19, 2015
  • Date written: January, 2015
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6604

Question: 1. Can a torturer be tried anywhere in the world?

Discuss the concept of universal jurisdiction of the 1984 Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

Module 22075 IHRP International Human Rights Protection

Answer: The question relates as to how the concept of universal jurisdiction contained in the 1984 Convention against Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: International Human Rights Protection
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2507
  • Date submitted: May 19, 2015
  • Date written: January, 2015
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6603

Question: Case Notes on Ghaidan v Mendoza [2004] UKHL 30

Answer: Many have criticized the decision made in the case of Fitzpatrick V Sterling Housing Association as being prejudicial and discriminatory. The introduction...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Property Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1199
  • Date submitted: May 13, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2012
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6591

Question: Do judges in the UK make political decisions?
To what extent should judges be able to make decisions on political grounds?

Your answer to this question should include reference to specific case law.

Answer: Their is no clear definition of what a political decision is, however I believe a political decision is a decision which results...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: English Legal System
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 3083
  • Date submitted: May 13, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2012
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6590

Question: "A political constitution, more than a legal constitution, needs to be bolstered by principle. The ‘rule of law’, the ‘separation of powers’, and the existence of ‘fundamental human rights’ serve as the foundational principles of the British Constitution. Without them our constitution could not work."

Discuss.

Answer: When looking further into the constitution, we notice that it is broken into two separate parts. A political constitution, which is defined...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Public Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1541
  • Date submitted: May 13, 2015
  • Date written: November, 2012
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6589

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