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Question: Question 1
Canning Town Construction Ltd (“Canning Town”) and Super Hotels Ltd (“Super Hotels”) were negotiating a contract for the refurbishment and extension of a hotel near Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. Negotiations dragged on because the parties could not agree the amount for liquidated damages, the extent of the variations clauses and the adjudication procedure.

Super Hotels sent a letter headed “Subject to contract”, instructing Canning Town to start work pending agreement of a formal written contract. Negotiations continued, with various correspondence and several meetings, but no final written contract was ever agreed.
During these negotiations, Canning Town carried out the work as requested and Super Hotels made monthly payments to them.

After the work had been completed, Super Hotels claimed that some of the work was defective. Canning Town said they were not responsible because no contract existed between the parties.

Advise Super Hotels Ltd of its legal position, regarding whether a binding contract had been formed.


Question 2
Green Fingers Garden Centres Limited (“Green Fingers”) have employed Rivington Construction Ltd (“Rivington”) to build a garden centre, including office space, 3 greenhouses, a large shop area, car parking and landscaped gardens. The JCT Standard Building Contract with Quantities 2016 has been used and work has commenced.

Green Fingers have been making several variations to the Works which Rivington have complied with. Green Fingers are now asking that Rivington create a boating lake in the landscaped garden area.

Rivington do not want to build this, having no expertise in the area.

Please advise whether or not they are bound to do the works and, if so, how works may be valued.

Answer: Question 1 25th March 2017 Super Hotels Ltd 103 Borough Road London SE1 0AA Dear Sirs, RE: Defective work - Legal position...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1935
  • Date submitted: December 28, 2017
  • Date written: March, 2017
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 8227

Question: Explore the effect of Hunter v Moss on certainty of subject matter.

Answer: The case of Hunter v Moss 1994 relates to the requirement of certainty of subject matter within creation trusts. The ‘three certainties’...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Equity and Trust Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1161
  • Date submitted: December 27, 2017
  • Date written: November, 2016
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 8224

Question: Foundations of the law of obligation

Summative assessment Part B:
‘The reasoning in duty of care cases […] reveals a policy underlying the imposition of duties of care based on considerations of interpersonal justice, namely the policy that wrongs should be remedied.’
Discuss the extent to which you agree with this statement.

Answer: The original aim of tort law is to compensate the victim of the wrong, usually by a payment of damages or to...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Tort Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 997
  • Date submitted: December 27, 2017
  • Date written: November, 2016
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 8223

Question: ‘The European Court of Justice has described the concepts of direct effect and supremacy as “the essential characteristics of the Community legal order”. Critically assess this point of view.

Answer: The statement in the question is true as the both the principle of direct effect and supremacy has indeed helped enforce the...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: European Union Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1919
  • Date submitted: February 18, 2017
  • Date written: November, 2016
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7984

Question: Critically assess how far the status of pre-nuptial agreements in the law of England and Wales have undermined the non-discrimination principle developed in the financial provision cases of White v White [2001] 1 AC 596 and Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane [2006] HL 24.

University of Exeter, LAW3020 Family Law

Answer: INTRODUCTION Traditionally, the concept of marriage was a sacred religious entity intended to form the eternal fusion of two people. Society to...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Family Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2987
  • Date submitted: May 08, 2017
  • Date written: January, 2017
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7976

Question: ‘The principle of supremacy is not the challenge to Member State sovereignty that it appears to be. Its continued existence is frequently challenged by national courts.’

Critically evaluate this assertion.

Answer: The underpinning assertion of this question is that the supremacy of European Union (EU) law has not challenged the sovereignty of member...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: European Union Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2587
  • Date submitted: May 06, 2017
  • Date written: January, 2017
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7967

Question: There is no general obligation in English contract law of ‘good faith’. English contract law poses a negative obligation ‘not to tell lies’ rather than a positive obligation to tell the truth.

Discuss this aspect of English Law.

Answer: English contract law, has historically and still to this day does not recognise a general obligation of good faith, although certain aspects...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2497
  • Date submitted: May 06, 2017
  • Date written: January, 2017
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7966

Question: EU Law Summative write up - The doctrine of Horizontal Direct Effect - EU law case Angonese v Cassa di Risparmio di Bolzano SpA.

Answer: The doctrine of Horizontal Direct Effect is a principle that aids the European Union with the task that it was formed for...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: European Union Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 2497
  • Date submitted: January 22, 2017
  • Date written: February, 2014
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7933

Question: “The law on constructive trusts of the family home generates unfairness, uncertainty and hardship”. Discuss.

Module title: Land law
CARDIFF SCHOOL OF LAW AND POLITICS

Answer: The simplest way to establish the property interests between co-habitants is an express declaration of trust which satisfies the requirements of s53(1)...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Land Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1982
  • Date submitted: April 20, 2017
  • Date written: March, 2016
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7929

Question: Discuss prisons as re-socialization agencies of modern society and alternative criminal law policies, such as restorative justice.

Module title: Sociology of Law
CARDIFF SCHOOL OF LAW AND POLITICS

Answer: This essay will evaluate the effectiveness of prisons in the resocialization of inmates and the other alternatives to the prison system. This...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Sociology of Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 5997
  • Date submitted: April 20, 2017
  • Date written: March, 2016
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 7928

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