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Question: How do judges interpret statutes?

Answer: To achieve consistency, judges and legal authorities have attempted to establish guiding principles of interpretation. Statute law, unlike case law, provides rules...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: English Legal System
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 1096
  • Date submitted: February 04, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 595

Question: Critically examine the development of on-line pornographic material and its legal regulation. What different types of regulation of this material exist, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of theses forms of regulation?

Answer: The circulation of pornographic material has been an issue for a number of years, long before the introduction of the internet. The...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 2183
  • Date submitted: February 03, 2009
  • Date written: April, 2000
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 550

Question: ‘The principle of Mens Rea ensures that only the morally culpable are punished for their crimes’ – Discuss.

Answer: In order to consider the above statement, we must initially define what it means. Mens rea is described in the Oxford Dictionary...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 2515
  • Date submitted: February 02, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 540

Question: ‘In our opinion…[in some cases of unlawful act manslaughter] the offender’s fault falls too far short of the unlucky result. So serious an offence as manslaughter should not be a lottery…’ (Criminal Law Revision Committee, 1980, cited in Clarkson and Keating, Criminal Law: Text and Materials, 1998, P670.) Explain and discuss.

Answer: It has long been debated that the offence classed as an unlawful act - manslaughter and the sentences that those found guilty...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Criminal Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 2958
  • Date submitted: February 02, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 539

Question: Examine the operation of the law in relation to hacking and computer fraud. What are the advantages and disadvantages of these legal measures?

Answer: Computers have made such an impact on society that they are now essential for the smooth running of day-to-day activities. They are...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: I.T. and the Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 1749
  • Date submitted: February 02, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 537

Question: To what extent is the claimant’s ‘performance interest’ protected by the remedies available in English law for breach of contract?

Answer: In answering this question, the notion of ‘performance interest’ plays a central role. Understanding this to convey ‘the claimant’s interest in the...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 2065
  • Date submitted: January 31, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 497

Question: What is meant by the phrase, ‘estoppel can act as a shield but not a sword?’

Attack is the best form of defence?

Answer: A defendant or a plaintiff can only use estoppel as “a shield not a sword”, which means it gives them no right...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Contract Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 1st
  • Mark: 60%
  • Words: 1080
  • Date submitted: January 31, 2009
  • Date written: Not available
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 486

Question: Part C. Problem Question Scenario:

Robert, who lives in Athens, ordered a new 1500cc motorbike manufactured in the UK from George, a dealer in London. George began arrangements for importation of the bike to Greece. He was told by the Greek authorities that an import licence was required, that licence applications could be made only in January in any one year and that he should lodge the application as early as possible in the year, as Greece imposes an annual limit on the number of motorbike that may be imported. There is a fee for the licence.

George is also informed that Greek legislation on the protection of the environment and public health requires all motorbikes over 1000cc used on public roads in Greece to be fitted with a filtration system for the removal of the toxic substance benizan from exhaust fumes. Greece is the only Member State of the EU to impose such a requirement. UK manufactured bikes have never been fitted with this kind of filtration system.

Robert then discovers that, even if he did succeed in acquiring a 1500cc bike the cost of keeping it on the road in Greece would be substantial, as the road tax for motorbikes over 1000cc is more than three times the tax on motorbikes up to 1000cc.

Robert is not considering cancelling his order with George and purchasing a motorbike of Greek manufacture. If he does so, however, he will need to adjust his requirements, for Greek manufacturers do not produce motorbikes over 1000cc.

Discuss the application of EU law on the free movement of goods to each aspect of this situation.

Answer: The free movement of goods clearly stated within Article 26 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) continues...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: European Union Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 58%
  • Words: 652
  • Date submitted: June 23, 2015
  • Date written: May, 2015
  • References: No
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 6681

Question: Trusts Law 2018/19 Formative assessment

Please answer the following question:
Scenario: Mandy died in March 2018. In her lifetime she worked for a large, multinational corporation that specialised in the sale and distribution of books. She loved rare books, and had assembled a valuable book collection. She owned 1500 ordinary shares of £1 each in Owl Publishing. She also owned a substantial sum of money.

In November 2017, knowing that her illness was terminal, Mandy wrote a letter to Renata, instructing her to give £25,000 to Mandy’s long-lost love, Ulysses. Mandy placed the letter in an envelope, sealed the envelope, and put it safely away in her desk. Later that day, she executed her last will.

The letter was found and read by Renata after Mandy’s death.
Advise Mandy’s executors on the validity of the following bequests in Mandy’s will:
. (a) £1,000 to keep my dog Sandy in the style to which she has become accustomed;

. (b) £25,000 to Renata, to whom I have communicated my wishes;

. (c) 700 of my shares in Owl Publishing to Oliver;

. (d) my executors to hold my book collection on trust in equal shares for the book- lovers of Newcastle upon Tyne;

. (e) my executors to hold for the benefit of my godson, Trevor, whatever portion of my residuary estate is necessary to put Trevor through university.

Answer: This essay will assess the validity of the bequests provided by Mandy’s testamentary trust. An express trust has been created by virtue...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Equity and Trust Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1495
  • Date submitted: May 19, 2019
  • Date written: May, 2019
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 8668

Question: ‘The law on mortgages is too heavily weighted in favour of protecting mortgagees. This is because the law fails to properly account for the development of a distinct concept of purchase- price mortgages of residential homes, and thus remains focused on dealing with disputes between commercial parties.’

Critically analyse this statement.

Answer: The English law on mortgages is the subject of endless academic and socio-political debate. As mortgages are a crucial path to land...


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  • Subject: Law
  • Course: Land Law
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1541
  • Date submitted: May 19, 2019
  • Date written: March, 2018
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 8664

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