Home > A200 Exploring history: medieval to modern 1400-1900

Question: TMA 05 Question 2 Why did a new conception of citizenship emerge in Europe in the century after the French Revolution? Mark 85%

A200 Exploring History: Medieval to Modern 1400-1900 Level 2 Year 2

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Answer: A new conception of citizenship emerged after the French Revolution in Europe, its roots embedded in the ideologies and events that both preceded and followed the French Revolution. The French Revolution collapsed the idea of an absolute monarchy in France and was followed by a series of reforms in the rest of Europe. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen illustrates the shift toward a new relationship between people and state, one based upon universal rights rather than upon monarchical right or political institution. Curtailing the power of the monarchy and nobility, while granting ever greater freedoms to the middle and working classes, was the spark that allowed a new concept of citizenship. The shift, the new force of ‘the people’ entering politics, served to hasten the changes to ‘which society, civilisation and commerce, are capable of carrying humankind’ (Paine...(short extract)

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  • Subject: History
  • Course: A200 Exploring history: medieval to modern 1400-1900
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: 85%
  • Words: 2200
  • Date submitted: August 11, 2019
  • Date written: January, 2017
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 8705

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